Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) is otherwise known as a photo facial. It is a broad spectrum light that converts its light energy into heat. This light is emitted from a head piece and absorbed by the broken capillaries, pigment lesions, sebaceous glands, collagen or hair follicles. It is used to treat a number of different skin concerns:
Redness: The heat causes the broken vein to break down while the blood supply then removes it from its system. Redness, swelling and possible superficial bruising may occur. Makeup can cancel these side effects if applicable.
Pigmentation: This can be temporarily removed with IPL treatments, but there is a risk it may worsen somewhat, as IPL is not removing the damage from the root of the problem but encourages the underlying pigment to rise to the surface of the skin faster. It then sheds off.
Sebaceous glands: The light can alter the oil production levels somewhat and decrease the over-production of oil.
Antiageing: The fibroblast – the home of your collagen and elastin – is placed into a mild date of shock when the heat enters and triggers it with a view to the body recording and stimulating new collagen formation.
In my experience, IPL is a necessity when treating redness, broken veins and general uneven skin colour tones. I personally would not endorse using it for pigment, unless it’s being used alongside a religious SPF and active homecare regime. It is not a stand-alone quick-fix treatment. It is part of the jigsaw puzzle. Similarly, the acne treatment is ideal when used in conjunction with peels, diet adaptations and so forth.
Who cannot have this treatment? Anyone who is Fitzpatrick type 3 and above as the pigment levels increase the possibility of hyper pigment/burns.
I would encourage pre-treating the skin with SPF and antioxidants on either side of the treatment.
I personally ignored this advice and have pigment as a direct result of ignoring my homecare.